The European Parliament

The European Parliament (EP) is one of the legislative bodies of the European Union and one of its seven institutions. Together with the Council of the European Union (known as the Council and informally as the Council of Ministers), it adopts European legislation, following a proposal by the European Commission. The Parliament is composed of 720 members (MEPs), as of the June 2024 European elections.

Timeline

With the following timeline you can explore the evolution of the representation of far-right parties and groups in the European Parliament.

Analysis

Entrance at The European Parliament - Photo by Piotr Iłowiecki

The Far-Right Maneuvers for Power in the EU Parliament

Following last month’s election, about 180 Members of the European Parliament, a quarter of the total 720 members, belong to far-right parties. Considering the immense political moves ahead of and after the elections, it seems almost impossible that the old

The last straw – AfD’s departure from the Identity & Democracy Group

The sacking of Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) from the Identity & Democracy (ID) group in the European Parliament traces back to clashes between AfD and Rassemblement National (RN), resulting from non-matching strategies and conduct rather than ideological mismatches.

Entities in the European Parliament

Alliance for Direct Democracy in Europe

Clearly dominated by UKIP, the ADDE was founded in 2014. Up till then, the opponents of any other supranational affiliation than the EP grouping have always been stronger within UKIP. Apart from UKIP and the Sverigedemokraterna, later the lithuanian Tvarka

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Alliance for Europe of the Nations

Being launched out of the UEN I group, this early transnational party project embraced far more member parties than the parliamentary group and even included parties of non-EU states. It displayed only few proper activities. EP groups: UEN I, UEN

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Alliance for Peace and Freedom

The APF resembles mostly parties from the former alliances EuroNat and European National Front (ENF). They originate all from a (neo-)fascist or (neo-)nazi spectrum, some with more direct traditions to historical fascism, like the german NPD or the spanish Democracia

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Alliance for Peace and Freedom

The Alliance for “Peace and Freedom” (APF) is a far-right European political party founded on 4 February 2015. The main member parties had been involved in the now defunct European National Front. The party wishes to establish a network of

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Alliance for Peace And Freedom

The Alliance for Peace and Freedom (APF) is a far-right European political party founded on 4 February 2015. The main member parties had been involved in the now defunct European National Front. The party wishes to establish a network of

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Alliance of European National Movements

Strongly pushed by the hungarian Jobbik and Bruno Gollnisch of the french FNf, the AENM was founded at a conference in Budapest in September 2009. Further founding members were the British National Party (BNP), the belgian Front National (FNb), the

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Alliance of Independent Democrats in Europe

The AIDE is the party homologue to the Ind/Dem group, only with far less participation. It hardly showed any activities. EP group: Ind/Dem ideological orientations: economic neoliberalism, value-oriented social conservatism, EU-hostility

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Europe of Democracies and Diversitites

The EDD group is the first european parliamentary group project of the british UKIP and the beginning of the european career of Nigel Farage. The group was also the successing home for the danish and dutch parties of the former

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