The European Parliament

The European Parliament (EP) is one of the legislative bodies of the European Union and one of its seven institutions. Together with the Council of the European Union (known as the Council and informally as the Council of Ministers), it adopts European legislation, following a proposal by the European Commission. The Parliament is composed of 720 members (MEPs), as of the June 2024 European elections.


With the following timeline you can explore the evolution of the representation of far-right parties and groups in the European Parliament.


Entities in the European Parliament

Europe of Freedom and Democracy

The EFD was forged, and dominated by the british UKIP. Some of its partners, like the italian Lega Nord, the finnish Perussuomalaiset (PS) and the danish Dansk Folkeparti (DF) would later split into different parliamentary groups (ECR II and EFDD)

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Europe of Nations

The EN was clearly dominated by the french MpF. Besides it, there were included only one to two representatives each of danish EU-scepticists (JuniBevægelsen, Folkebevægelsen mod EU), dutch orthodox Protestants and the north-irish UUP. ideological orientations: EU-scepticism, social value-oriented and

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Europe of Nations and Freedom

After ambitiuos announcements in advance ENF could only start a year after the legislative period’s beginning. But since then, it proved, apart from some FN/RN defectors, relatively stable. Not even finance scandals (FN_f) or national government involvements nor their diversely

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Europe of the Nationalists

In spring 1997, Jean-Marie Le Pen, then unrivalled leader of the french Front National (FNf), invited several party delegations from western and eastern Europe to a meeting in Paris. The loose network was already named EuroNat on this occasion. Only

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European Alliance for Freedom

The EAF is the result of longtime transnational cooperation attempts to which some meetings in Austria from 2001 on belong as well as the short-lived ITS group in 2007. The EAF was created intentionally as an alliance of exposed individuals,

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European Conservatives and Reformists

The European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) is a Eurosceptic, anti-federalist political group of the European Parliament. The ECR is the parliamentary group of the European Conservatives and Reformists Party (ECR Party) European political party (formerly known as the Alliance of

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