Germany is the biggest country in the European Union, with 84 million people. For decades, the far right couldn’t bring its Parties into the Bundestag, the German parliament.  

In history, the far right Parties NPD and Republikaner, have had some success on a regional level, and they were voted into the ‘Landtag’, but before 2013, they were never voted into the national parliament.

Current Situation 



Germany is the biggest country in the European Union, with 84 million people. For decades, the far right couldn’t bring its Parties into the Bundestag, the German parliament.  

In history, the far right Parties NPD and Republikaner, have had some success on a regional level, and they were voted into the ‘Landtag’, but before 2013, they were never voted into the national parliament. 


A long-term successful far-right Party in Germany, AfD, is a new phenomenon. The AfD looked in the beginning to neighbouring countries for role models. Especially the FPÖ in Austria is a role model for the AfD. There are close relations between AfD and FPÖ because of the common language.  


After the AfD was founded in 2013 as a eurosceptic party, it became a collection of different streams of the far right and the conservative right. Over the years, the AfD changed from a eurosceptic party into a far-right party with an openly fascist wing, which grouped around Politician Björn Höcke. 


In September 2021, the party was voted into the Bundestag for the second time. In Germany, 10% of the voting people voted for the AfD. So, around 10% of the voters in Germany are regular voters for a far-right party. 


Since 2013, there have been far-right street movements on different topics. At the end of 2013 „Patriotische Europäer gegen die Islamisierung Europas“ (PEGIDA) and 2014 the „Hooligans gegen Salafisten“ (HoGeSa) with the topic Islam as hostile image. 


After the „summer of migration“ 2015 (refugees from Syria came to the EU), there were many local „Nein zum Heim“-campaigns and rallies against the reception of refugees – some of them organised by the AfD, others were independent racists. 


Later, the anti-refugee theme shifted to anti-establishment and “Nein zum Heim” became “Merkel must go”.  


In April 2020, the “Querdenken” movement started with the topic of COVID-19 restrictions and Vaccination. The movement was not originally far right but open to the far right and conspiracy theories. In some federal states, far-right forces led these Protests. 


The coronavirus conspiracy theorists became radicalised during the pandemic. Small groups planned terrorist attacks or even a coup against the government. These plans were often linked to the ‘Reichsbürger’ movement. This movement has over 30,000 members in Germany. ‘Reichsbürger’ believe that the ‘Deutsches Reich’ (German Empire) is still the legal status of the actual Germany. In their opinion, the elected government is illegal, and often, they do not accept the actual borders to Poland, Denmark and France. The ‘Reichsbürger’ are mostly far-right, antidemocratic and antisemitic. There are dozens of organisations of them in Germany. 


Since the founding of the AfD, many experts have seen a „Rechtsruck“, a turn to the political right, in German society. Surprisingly the neonazist far right wasn’t able to use the situation in the whole country. 


In recent years, right-wing scandals in the police and army have been recurring. Some of them involve groups and networks. This is concerning because both have access to weapons, and the police also have access to vulnerable information. Such incidents make it difficult for victims of right-wing violence to turn to the police.


Far-right extremism took a heavy toll in Germany. The “Amadeu Antonio Stiftung” counts at least 213 fatalities of right-wing extremist violence in Germany from 1990 until 2021. In his book “Kein Vergessen – Todesopfer rechter Gewalt in Deutschland nach 1945” (2020), author Thomas Billstein documents 315 cases since 1970, including 41 suspected cases. 



Between 2000 and 2007, the right-wing terrorist group “National Socialist Underground” murdered ten people in Germany, nine of them for racist motives. The racist motive only became known to the public after the NSU exposed itself in November 2011. 

Even after the NSU was unmasked, there were far-right murders in Germany: 


  • In a racially motivated attack in Munich in 2016, an 18-year-old German-Iranian killed nine people on July 22, 2016.  
  • On October 9, 2019, the far-right extremist Stephan B. attempted to enter a synagogue in Halle an der Saale, heavily armed. After failing at the door, he killed two people. 
  • On February 20, 2020, Tobias R. shot nine people in the town of Hanau near Frankfurt/Main for racist motives.
Status of the far-right in the country

Status of the far-right in the country

In a federal state like Germany, you have to look deeper at the situation in the individual states. A significant difference exists between West Germany and East Germany, the former “German Democratic Republic.” The eastern part has its own political culture. In some ways, this part of Germany is more similar to Eastern Europe: the socialist past, foreclosure, Homogeneity of the Population, and the more significant problems with Unemployment. 

But there are also important differences in Eastern Germany. The federal state of Sachsen, Saxony, is a stronghold of the far right and is becoming an Experimental field for them. 

In Western Germany, there is a more extended experience with Immigration. But this also led to the existence of nationalism and fascism in migrant groups. Especially in the Turkish community, there are strong fascist and nationalist organisations. They are a danger for Armenians, left-leaning Turks and Kurds. 

The German nationalist far right is very concerned by Germany’s development into an immigration country. In West Germany, the extreme right is becoming more inclusive to some extent and also accepts migrants or homosexuals in its ranks if they have similar positions.
Racist hardliners, on the other hand, see large areas of West Germany as lost. Recently, they have been discussing a targeted settlement in eastern Germany, especially in Saxony, as a plan B if the “reconquest” of the whole country fails.

Others are planning the mass deportation of migrants, including German citizens with a migration background. They call this plan “remigration”. Large sections of the AfD, as well as the Identitarians and think tanks such as the Institute for State Policy, are pursuing these plans.

Status of antifascists in the country

Status of antifascists in the country

Independent left-wing antifascists and parts of civil society provide counter-resistance against the far-right. Migrant self-organizations are also involved in this struggle. The state also partly tries to address the issue with its national intelligence service, “Verfassungsschutz.” However, since the “Verfassungsschutz” in Germany also leads so-called V-men in the right-wing scene, it is rather part of the problem than its solution. 

Victims of far-right violence are primarily migrants, LGBTTIQ, Jews and people of colour. In recent years, journalists and politicians have also been increasingly affected by far-right attacks. Especially women are often victims of shitstorms with the threat of sexualised violence. Anti-fascists are threatened by far-right violence and hostility, too. 

The question of how broad alliances should be and how close one should be to the state provides for discussions within the anti-fascists.

International relationships

International relationships

When considering the international relationship of the far right, it is necessary to look at the different currents and organisations. The AfD is well-networked with its sister parties in the EU. The neo-Nazi right is internationally networked, primarily through music. Many concerts with German bands or organisers occur in neighbouring countries such as the Czech Republic, France or Switzerland to prevent a ban.

There is also an export of ideology on the content level through translations and book publications. For example, right-wing publishers in Germany publish authors such as Alain de Benoist (France). 


The neo-Nazi parties NPD, “Der III. Weg” and “Die Rechte” have contacts with similar parties abroad. They often send delegations to their demonstrations, for example, to the Lukov March in Sofia (Bulgaria), the Irmia March in Athens (Greece) or the “March of the Nation” in Kyiv (Ukraine). 


The far right in Germany is divided over the war in Ukraine. A minority, such as the small neo-Nazi party “Der III. Weg,” are positioning themselves on the side of Ukraine. This is often the result of previous links to Ukrainian fascists. The majority of the extreme right, however, seems to position itself more pro-Putin or prefers pro-Russian neutrality. High-ranking AfD politicians, particularly, have repeatedly attracted attention due to their contact with Russia.  

Political Landscape

Political landscape

The far-right AfD is relatively isolated in Germany. All other major parties, including the CDU/CSU and the FDP, reject a coalition with it. 

However, at the local level, cooperation is below the level of coalitions in some municipalities. This happens particularly often in the state of Saxony. 

The AfD won 11% of the vote in the 2019 EU elections. Ten of its deputies are members of the far-right parliamentary group „Identity and Democracy“ in the European Parliament. 

Most currents of the extreme, conservative, and Christian right gather in the AfD. There are also individual members with neo-Nazi biographies, but the party is not a classical neo-Nazi party. No neo-Nazis, but the fascist New Right is organising in the wing around Björn Höcke. This wing is so strong that hardly any decisions against its will are possible within the AfD.  Leaked internal forums show that there is also a strong affinity for violence among the AfD’s middle-class members.

The open fascist wing of the AfD is trying to position the party as the parliamentary arm of right-wing street movements. To this end, the AfD also organises large demonstrations itself. 

A central goal of the far right is to strengthen German nationalism by trivialising or denying Nazi crimes. With this nationalisation, one hopes to initiate a re-homogenization of Germany.

Media Landscape

Media landscape

In Germany, the far right has several magazines (CATO, COMPACT, “Deutsche Stimme,” “Zuerst!”, …) and a weekly newspaper (“Junge Freiheit”). While the weekly newspaper is also aimed at a more academic and conservative audience, COMPACT and “Zuerst!” have more tabloid style. COMPACT, in particular, is a forum for various conspiracy theories. COMPACT is the organ for right-wing street movements like PEGIDA or Querdenken.

Financial Landscape

Financial landscape

In the early days, the AfD’s election campaign was supported with around 10 million euros via an independent association as start-up aid. The money was used to rent posters, place ads and finance pro-AfD campaign newspapers. Journalistic research suggests that the money came from billionaire August François von Finck (1930-2021). 


Quarterly Reports

Quarterly reports give in-depth insights into the most pressing recent social and political developments in each country as they pertain to the local far-right networks and their international allies.

Germany - January 2022
Germany - January 2022

In a few weeks, a trial against Tilo P. will start. Investigations revealed that Tilo P., a former board member of the AfD Neukölln, was probably involved in a series of right-wing arsons in Berlin-Neukölln. Since 2016, there have been around 70 acts in the complex, including arson attacks, damage to property and threats. The acts were mainly directed against anti-fascist activists. Tilo P. may have been provided with information by the police officer and AfD member Detlef M.. (German:!5826103/)
In January 2022, several thousand demonstrations by right-wing pandemic deniers and vaccination opponents continued to take place in Germany. (English: On January 3, 2022, there were up to 1,500 demonstrations in Germany against the Corona restrictions. This was a new high point and it started to grow higher in January. The stronghold was Saxony, where up to 30,000 people demonstrated on Jan. 17, 2022. Here the “Freie Sachsen” are a big player. Corona demonstrations in Germany continue to radicalize. For example, police in Rostock, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, found a firearm pen and ammunition, as well as homemade pyrotechnics, on a demonstrator during a demonstration on January 17, 2022. (German:
On January 21, 2022, the funeral of neo-Nazi Siegfried Borchardt (“SS-Siggi”), who died on October 3, 2021, took place in Dortmund. The funeral was attended by 250 neo-Nazis, including members of Combat 18/Blood & Honour and the Hammerskins. (Pictures:
On January 24, 2022, 18-year-old Nikolai G. from Mannheim, Germany, deliberately shot a 23-year-old female student and injured another three students. Following the crime, he killed himself.
During a house search on March 20, 2020, at the home of the then party leader of the neo-Nazi party “Der III Weg”, Klaus Armstroff , a signed sponsor membership application of Nikolai G. was confiscated. (German:
The media revealed that Norman P., who has been the head of the security department of the German Bundestag since the beginning of December 2021, is a member of the “Berlin Burschenschaft Gothia” and was a candidate of the right-wing micro party “Bund freier Bürger” in 1998. According to the media, he is currently a member of the CDU. (German:
The AfD-affiliated “Desiderius Erasmus Foundation” applied at the end of 2021 for financial support of 7,854,00 euros from state funds for the year 2022. It is possible that the foundation will receive the money and use it to conduct extreme right-wing educational work.
A court declared the AfD election list in Saarbrücken for the state parliamentary elections invalid. A defeated AfD candidate had filed a lawsuit. As a result, the AfD could slip below the 5% hurdle in the state election. (German:
On January 28, 2022, the former AfD party leader announced that he was leaving the AfD. He justified this with the shift to the right in the AfD. In fact, he had allied himself for years with the fascist wing of his party. He intends to retain his seat in the European Parliament. (German: In contrast, the former CDU member of the Bundestag and chairwoman of the AfD-affiliated “Desiderius Erasmus Foundation” joined the AfD – she had previously been a non-party member. She did so officially as a symbolic act following Meuthen’s resignation. But presumably, it was also about consolidating her position as chairwoman of the foundation.
In January 2022, the AfD decided to nominate the investment manager Max Otte as a candidate for the election of the ‘Bundespräsident’ in Germany. This office has only representative functions and is elected by electors, i.e. the parliamentary majority determines the Federal President. So Otte has no real chance to get elected. Otte accepted the election despite being a member of the conservative CDU party. Within the CDU, he is chairman of the right-wing populist ‘WerteUnion’. The CDU announced expulsion proceedings against Otte. Experts see Otte’s nomination as an attempt to harm the CDU.
The social media platform Gettr is becoming increasingly important among extreme right-wingers in German-speaking countries as a right-wing alternative to Twitter. In January 2022, 250,000 accounts existed in Germany. Gettr was founded in summer 2021 by Jason Miller from the USA. Miller was a press spokesman for former U.S. President Donald Trump. Miller also distributed and promoted contributions by PEGIDA leaders Lutz Bachmann and Siegfried Däbritz. (Felix Huesmann: Für Fans von Trump und der AfD: Der rechte Hype um das soziale Netzwerk Gettr, 18.01.2022,

International Contacts

It became known that a woman from Finland with the name Miina Hyvärinen is a researcher of the far-right video project „Film Kunst“ in Germany which tries to influence the protests of the covid-deniers.
In January 2022 the publishing house „Jungeuropa Verlag“ publishes the book „Kapitalismus und moderne Klassengesellschaft“, a translation from the french author Guillaume Travers. Travers is member of the ‘Nouvelle Droite’. Over the years there was a big ideological influence of the French ‘Nouvelle Droite’ in Germany.
In January 2022, a delegation of the FPÖ visited a closed meeting of the AfD. They agreed on closer cooperation in the future. Peter Wurm, deputy chairman of the FPÖ parliamentary group in the Austrian National Council, said that the party wanted to “lend a helping hand in Germany.
Research by the daily newspaper taz revealed that in the Ukrainian film “Rhino” by Oleg Senzow, which was co-financed with German funds, the main role is played by Serhij Filimonow. Filimonov is a member of the Kiev neo-Nazi scene. He headed the “National Corps” until 2019. Senzov claims that Filimonov dropped out. 10% of the film’s budget comes from the “Medienboard Berlin-Brandenburg”. (German:!5826297/)

Germany - December 2021
Germany - December 2021

Key Developments

In early December 2021, the media leaked an internal AfD chat group. Some of the member’s discussions were about a „Revolution“, „civil war“, and overthrowing the government. (German:
The right-wing open demonstrations of pandemic deniers and vaccination opponents increased in December 2021 in terms of both number of participants and demonstration locations. Demonstrations took place mainly on Saturday and Monday. Especially in eastern Germany, extreme right-wingers were not only involved but organized them. For example, in Cottbus (Brandenburg) where the demonstrations were organized by the AfD and “Ein Prozent”. The front of the demonstration was organised by a black block consisting of Hooligans and Neo-Nazis. Numbers of participants04.12.: 1,000; 11.12.: 2,500; 18.12.: 4,000; 20.12.: 3,750; 27.12.: 3,000
The AfD also organized its own demonstrations, for example on December 11, 2021, a demonstration of the AfD youth organization “Junge Alternative” in Berlin with 500 people.
Another example is the AfD demonstration in Nuremberg on December 19, 2021 with 2,500 people.
Particularly in eastern Germany, extreme right-wingers are shaping the image of the demonstrations of pandemic deniers and vaccination opponents in many places. For example, in some cities, activists from the neo-Nazi party “Der III. Weg” or Identitarre are visually at the front of the demonstrations with their banners. At the same time, these demonstrations are also meeting places for extreme right-wingers who know each other only through the Internet. Nazi hooligans running in the front row, in some places, caused clashes with the police or broke through police lines.
The increases in demonstrations of pandemic deniers and vaccination opponents was almost exponential. Demonstrations also took place in smaller cities.
Several demonstrations in the second half of December 2021 exceeded 10,000:

Germany - November 2021
Germany - November 2021

Key Developments

Also in November 2021, far-right groups mobilized to the Polish-German border to “protect” it from refugees. The AfD tried to utilise the topic as a political issue. Likewise, it tried to use the debate about compulsory vaccination for its own benefit. The AfD-MP Roger Beckamp traveled on the 27th of November 2021 to the Polish-Belarussian border with his own Camera team to report for the far-right „Tagestimme“ which is based in Austria. He also distributed flyers („No way“) to the local people.
The right-wing open demonstrations of pandemic deniers and vaccination opponents gained momentum again since mid-November. In the state of Saxony in particular, the situation virtually exploded. Here, the far-right “Free Saxons” often led the protests. At times, the protest culminated in the small Saxon town of Zwönitz. During some protests, there were clashes with the police.

International Contacts

In the issue of December 2021 of the magazine „Deutsche Stimme“ there was an interview with Tiina Wiik from Finland.
Members of the AfD Görlitz and the AfD Dresden joined the right-wing Independence March in Warsaw on the 11 November 2021.
Tomasz Froelich Vice-chairman of the AfD youth organisation „Junge Alternative“ from Germany met around the 15th of November 2021 with members of the Lega (Italy), „Rassemblement National“ (France), „Vlaams Belang“ (Belgium) in Belgrad members of the „Srpska Narodna Partija“.
On 20 November 2021, the FPÖ mobilised a big rally of COVID deniers in Vienna with 35,000 people. A far-right transparent was carried at the front of the rally. Hundreds of right-wing Hooligans, Identitarians, and other fascists joined in. (German: One of the participants in Vienna was Oberst a.D. Maximilian Eder, a former member of the German Military Special Unit KSK.
On the 27th of November 2021, there was a gathering of far-right politicians in Warsaw. Organiser was then polish politician Grzegorz Braun (Konfederacja). Guests were Filip Dewinter (Vlaams Belang, Belgium), Anke Van Dermeersch (Vlaams Belang, Belgium), Steffen Kotre (Alternative für Deutschland), Milan Uhrik (LSNS, Slovakia) and Milan Mazurek (ĽSNS, Slovakia). Parts of the AfD were angry because they want to cooperate with PiS and not with Konfederacja). (English:

Germany - October 2021
Germany - October 2021

Key developments

After the death of Siegfried “SS-Siggi” Borchardt, member of the party “Die Rechte”, on October 3rd, 2021, a remembering march took place in Dortmund with 500 neo-Nazis. Participants were also C18-founder and Europe-Chief William Browning and the chief of the German Section Stanley Röske and Keven Langner.
On the 11th October 2021, the chairman of the AfD, Jörg Meuthen, declared that he won’t candidate again for the party as chairman. In the last three years, he was an opponent to the openly fascist wing of his party, his former alliies. (German:
On 12th of October 2021, the AfD-MP Beatrix von Storch met the Gettr-CEO Jason Miller and Matthew Tyrmand in Berlin.
On the 17th of October 2021 there was in Dresden the 7th birthday of the racist PEGIDA-Movement. 900 people took part in the rally. Speakers were Lutz Bachmann, Siegfried Däbritz, Wolfgang Taufkirch, H.C. Strache from Austria, Tommy Robinson from UK, Irfan Peci from Austria/Serbia, Jürgen Elsässer, Dr. Christopher Berndt (AfD), Maik Waack and Gernot Tegetmeyer. Music came from „Runa NDS“, „Prototyp“, Ramona and the „Dresdner Liedertafel“.
In Saxony and Brandenburg in October 2021 far-right groups („Aktionsgruppe Zittau“, „Der III. Weg“, „Identitäre Bewegung“, and others) played border watch to Poland because of the rise of refugee migration.
On 23 October 2021 in Dresden, the Parliamentary Group of the AfD in Sachsen organised a „International Congress: Conservative Family Policy“. Participants were members of Parliament from the AfD in Germany, from Sme Rodina in Slovakia, from Vox in Spain, from the UKIP in Great Britain, from Neatkarigie in Lettland, from Vlaams Belang in Belgium, from EKRE in Estland and others from Finland and Spain. (German:

International Contacts

In the NPD-Magazine „Deutsche Stimme“ from October 2021 there was an Interview with Paul Golding and Ashlea Simon from „Britain First“.
At the weekend of 16th and 17th of October 2021 different youth organisations of far right partys of Europe meet during the „European Youth Events“ in the European Parliament in Strasbourg. Participating youth organisations were „Mladí pomáhajú“ („Sme Rodina“) from Slovakia, Juventude CHEGA from Portugal, „Junge Alternative“ (AfD) from Germany and „Ring Freiheitlicher Jugend“ (FPÖ) from Austria. (German:
An 18-year-old female Fascist Isabel Peralta from the Falange in Spain receives a scholarship by the fascist party „Der III. Weg“ in Düsseldorf „to learn techniques for propaganda and combat.” Peralta was a student at a University in Madrid and active in the Fascist group “Bastion Frontal.” (English:

1 2 3