Lukov March

The Lukov March is an annual torchlight procession honouring a pro-Nazi Bulgarian general of the 1930s and 1940s, who led the fascist *Union of Bulgarian National Legions*.

First held in 2003, the Lukov March – which draws neo-Nazis from elsewhere in Europe as well – has been repeatedly banned by Sofia municipality, with the ban being upheld in court in 2020.

Over the years we have witnessed visits from great part of the far-right groups from all over Europe and, perhaps, even beyond. At some point the former leader of its main organizers— i.e. BNU,—Boyan Stankov “Rasate” get awarded the title of “honorary chairman” of the Spanish *Falangs,* as well as regional leader of [*Europe-Action*](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europe-Action#:~:text=Europe%2DAction%20was%20a%20far,1963%20and%20active%20until%201966.). By 2005, BNU-Edelweiss was part of the coordinating ultranationalist structure of the officially dismantled *European National Front* (ENT), along with organizations such as the *German College* (German: Deutsches Kollege), the *National Democratic Party* (German: NPD) and the *Free Resistance* (German: Freier Widerstand), the *Belgian Flemish Blok* (Vlaams Blok), the *Spanish Falange* (La Falange), the French *Guarde Franque, and* the Romanian *New Right* (Romanian: Noua Dreapta), the Dutch *National Alliance* (Nationale Alliantie) and others, as—according to the Bulgarian Helsinki Committee—[the total number of ENT activists in that period exceeded 700 thousand](https://web.archive.org/web/20120720001002/http:/www.bghelsinki.org/bg/publikacii/obektiv/georgi-papakochev/2006-02/blgarokratite-she-pravyat-dvizhenie-gvardiya/)

In 2019, on the eve of Adolf Hitler’s birthday, after an official gathering in Sofia, the BNU launched a new multinational organisation by the name of *Fortress Europe*. Among [the founding members](https://bgns.net/%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%88%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%B5-%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%86%D0%B8%D0%B8-%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%88%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B0-%D0%B5%D0%B2%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BF%D0%B0-%D1%81%D1%8A%D1%8E%D0%B7-%D0%BA%D1%80%D0%B5/) are the French *Les Nationalistes*, Hungary’s *Légió Hungária*, Czechia’*s Národní a sociální fronta*, Germany’s *Die Rechte* and Poland’s *Szturm*. According to the official founding statement, the Fortress deepens those groups ‘now decade long collaboration and coordination.’ We know for sure that some of these parties participate regularly in Lukovmarch, although we are not sure exactly what kind of activity the new nationalist “international” is carrying out. For this 2022, as far as the international side of the event is concerned, we have definitive proofs for the participation of the *Ultras Not Reds* faction (a worldwide, hooligans, and ultras fascist movement) from Valencia (and probably elsewhere as well). Moreover, we know from French comrades that *Jeune Nation* (connected to *Les Nationalistes,* whose presence was also confirmed) are regular participants, at least in the past few years. There have also been delegations from Sweden’s *Nordic Resistance Movement* (NRM), Germany’s *Die Rechte,* as well as Northern Macedonian associates*.* We can safely assume that the other members of the so-called *Fortress* were also present.